Aelbert Cuyp

Art on This Day

Aelbert Cuyp (20 October 1620 – 15 November 1691) was one of the leading painters of the Dutch Golden Age. Like many painters in this period, Cuyp is known for his landscape painting  which typically feature the Dutch countryside basked in early morning or afternoon light. Cuyp also painted some animals and a small number of portraits.
Whilst biographical details on Cuyp’s life are limited, art critics have been able to trace the stylistic development of his work. Cuyp’s work seems to be influenced by Jan van Goyen, Jan Both as well as his father Jacob Gerritsz Cuyp. Interestingly, due to his interaction with Claude Lorrain, Jan Both developed a new style of lighting in his paintings, which Cuyp used to add a sense of depth to his works. Cuyp’s final stylistic phase is characterised by the influence of his father, however it is difficult to distinguish the extent of this as his father’s artistry also went through a series of changes throughout his lifetime. All of this has amounted to great difficulty in ascertaining the authenticity of Cuyp’s works, especially since he did not sign or date a large number of his paintings.
In his later years, between 1640 – 1650, Cuyp produced some of his most famous works including The Mass at Dordrecht, Landscape with Cattle and Evening Landscape with Horsemen and Shepherds. Cupy’s works have been displayed at The Metropolitan Museum of Art, New York, Dulwich Picture Gallery, London and the Ashmolean Museum, Oxford. Some of Cuyp’s works are also held in Royal Collection, the art collection belonging to the British Royal Family which also is the largest private art collection in the world.