Born on this day in 1893 is Catalan sculptor, painter and ceramicist Joan Miró ( 20 April 1893 - 25 December 1983). He was an avid contestant of conventional painting methods, seeing it as a way of supporting bourgeois society. His signature biomorphic forms, geometrics shapes and semi-abstracted objects are expressed in multiple media, from ceramics and engravings to large bronze installations. Miró did not belong to one particular movement, but his work has been interpreted as surrealist, especially because of the surrealist automatic techniques he employed in the 1920s.
Miró began his professional business career as a clerk in Barcelona but switched to art after he suffered a nervous breakdown. His early works were inspired by Vincent van Gogh and Paul Cezanne. Drawn towards the artist communities at Montparnasse, Miró settled in Paris in the 1920s but continued to spend his summers in Catalonia. It is there in Paris that he developed his unique style of organic forms and flattened picture planes drawn with a sharp line.
At the Fundacio Joan Miró in Barcelona, Éluard, Cramer, Miró - «À toute épreuve», an exhibition about À toute épreuve has recently opened. This book by Miró is based on poems by Paul Éluard with the same title. The exhibition is part of the Miró. Documents series, which aims to use the Foundation’s archive to further explore Miró’s work.
The presentation reconstructs the creative process behind Miro’s book. À toute épreuve was published by Gérald Cramer in 1958 and tells the story of the layout and execution of the book as being a reflection of Miro’s connection with the 1920s literary world. This connection with poets led to major transformations in his visual language. Miró saw this work as a fulfilment of his wish to venture beyond illustrating the poet’s words but create an object instead.
You can go visit Éluard, Cramer, Miró - «À toute épreuve» until 2 July 2017.